Escape From Éire: A memoir of love and adventure in Ireland

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As two booksellers go about their daily tasks, strange things begin to occur around them - a normal work day in the bookshop is set to be turned upside-down as they reach the 'End Of Tickets and information from www. Get your Culture Night off to a great start in our children's book department where we'll be reading some of our favourite stories aloud. This is a family event and suitable for children aged and everyone is welcome! Culture Night 7. The Gospel According to Blindboy is a surreal and genre-defying collection of short stories and visual art exploring the myths, complacencies and contradictions at the heart of modern Ireland.

Covering everything from love and death to sex and politics, it's pitched halfway between the Angelus and Oculus Rift, globalisation and gombeenism. Join us as Blindboy reads from, and talks about his new book. Not suitable for children, but everyone is welcome! And of course, we have the ever popular orange Books Are My Bag totes too - and for the first time this year, we'll have these popular totes 'as Gaeilge' too! So do come and help celebrate bookshops by showing that 'Books Are My Bag'. From politics to entertainment, food and drink to trends and fashions, 'In My Day' also celebrates those things that never change - such as our devotion to the magical healing qualities of 7Up.

The annual public festival showcases, supports and develops Irish publishing and writers by programming, publicising and selling Irish published books, their authors, editors and contributors — all in an entertaining, festive, friendly and accessible environment that reflects the creativity and personality of the Irish publishing sector and its authors.

Some of the world's most exciting writers, working in a wide range of forms — real-time memoir, personal essay, autofiction — are writing about the self in ways that feel genuinely new. The follow-up to the critically acclaimed haunted-house novel 'The Uninvited' is a sharply observed account of middle-class post-war Dublin, as well as a darkly prophetic forecast of things to come. Join independent Dublin publisher Tramp Press to celebrate the fourth in their critically acclaimed 'Recovered Voices' series. Dalkey Christmas Drinks Venue: The Gutter Bookshop, Dalkey Date: Wednesday 13th December — 6pm until 7pm Join us in our Dalkey shop for a bit of festive cheer with a complimentary glass of wine and a mince pie to get the Christmas season underway and to celebrate our fourth anniversary as Dalkey's local bookshop!

We'll have wine and mince pies for all our regular customers too and we'd delighted if you'd join us in the Cow's Lane shop to spread a bit of festive cheer and mark our 8th year in Temple Bar! ILFDublin kicks off in style with award-winning author Peter Carey as he publishes his new novel 'A Long Way From Home', a thrilling, high speed tale around s Australia, weaving together history, culture and the decline of Empire.

Carey is a two-time winner of the Man Booker Prize, whose novels reimagine historical characters and places to create irresistible stories for the present day. Willy Vlautin will tour the UK and Ireland in support of the book and soundtrack with pedal stell player David Murphy and this event will be a mix of readings and music. The new novel follows Horace Hopper, a half-white and half-Paiute Indian farm hand in Nevada, who dreams of bigger things. In a city devastated by an epidemic, where survivors are all missing parts-an arm, a leg, an eye-Nell has always been an outsider.

Her father is the famed scientist who created the biomechanical limbs that everyone now uses. But she's the only one with her machinery on the inside: her heart. Since the childhood operation, she has ticked. Like a clock, like a bomb. This Event is Free but Ticketed - Register at www. All the the stories are geographically connected to Dublin, and are a combination of original, traditional and re-imagined tales.

Free and story lovers of all ages are welcome. There will be a public interview with Maggie O'Kane, who is best known for her trailblazing reportage throughout the s and s and more recently in relation to her global campaign to end the practice of FGM. Plus a screening of 'Jaha's Promise', the story of a young woman's battle against extraordinary odds to eradicate the practices that almost destroyed her life. Tickets for all events are available from www. This Event is Free and Everyone is Welcome. This year they will bring together writers who have been shaped, and who in turn have shaped, their work around the journeys they've made and the cities they call home.

Information and tickets for all events are available from www. Tickets are available from Smock Alley Theatre Tel or online at www. She chronicles her family's journey from Waterford city to the Gaeltacht in and she monitors the shifting times of each successive decade, recalling individuals, relations, friends and communities she has known. Told in the first person, her stories are concerned with the passions, memories and experiences of a writer who is always mindful and mystified by the march of time.


In an informative, funny, sometimes shocking, sometimes vulnerable entertainment - Isabel will dispel many myths. She will tell us about a year where she decided to learn everything she that she could about how to make sex into better sex in the context of a long term and monogamous relationship. An evening for both men and women - whether you have been married for 40 years or are 18 and happily single - be prepared for honesty and laughter. Bring questions - everything you always wanted to know but were afraid to ask. Questions will be written down and so will be anonymous - no need to say anything out loud.

A better sex life? Alone and pregnant, she was following in the footsteps of more than a century's worth of lost souls. Bridget gave birth to a boy, John, who died at the home in a horrendous state of neglect less than two years later. Following the explosive revelation that the remains of babies were discovered in a septic tank on the site of the Tuam Mother and Baby Home, Bridget's daughter, Anna Corrigan, was left to wonder were her brothers among them?

Here, with Alison O'Reilly, she pieces together the erased chapter of the life of her mother Bridget Dolan and her forgotten sons. Actor Cathy Belton will read excerpts from the book and critically-acclaimed musician and singer Lisa Hannigan will perform. This event is free but booking is essential at www. Every marriage has a breaking point. Beth's marriage to Steve, and their love for each other, seems solid. Until a bombshell lands, in the form of a letter that Steve receives from a woman from his past.

Tickets and Information available at www. The book will be launched by author John Connolly. A fun morning with lots of stories and a subtle social message - to accept others differences and embrace their individuality, to nurture their uniqueness and talent and to encourage them to find their voice from an early age. It will include a telling of RuPaul favourite - 'Julian is a Mermaid' by Jessica Love Walker Books , the story of Julian who makes his own fabulous mermaid costume and wears it as a celebration of his own individuality and confidence.

This is a Free Unticketed Event suitable for ages 3 - 10yrs, just come along! Fancy Dress is Encouraged - Category Is Join us to celebrate this exciting new voice in irish fiction. All stories will be presented with pictures so you don't have to speak the language to enjoy them - it's a great way for children and adults to enjoy storytelling from a diverse group of cultures and languages. Culture Night 6pm until 6. What's the future for independent bookshops in Ireland and how do they make our cities better places to live? This tour is now fully booked but everyone is welcome to join us for the Gutter chat!

Culture Night 7pm until 7. What do we talk about when we talk about Irish? How do old and new words work in Irish and what are some of the dangerous misunderstandings that a missing fada can cause. This annual event is a unique opportunity to critically reflect on the impact, imagination and importance of books for young people. Close to the bone. Very close to the bone. We'll have this year's Limited Edition tote bag by artist Peter Blake and of course, we have the ever popular orange Books Are My Bag totes too including an'as Gaeilge' version! Solicitor Ben O'Keeffe is attending her friend Leah's wedding at the newly restored Greysbridge Hotel , but when a young American visitor drowns in full view of the wedding guests the festivities are cut short.

And then a second death is discovered For info and tickets see www. Yeats and James Joyce, and their earliest influences - their fathers. From Wilde's doctor father who was taken to court by an obsessed lover in a strange premonition of what would happen to his son; to Yeats' father, an impoverished artist and brilliant letter-writer who could never finish apainting; to John Stanislus Joyce, a singer, drinker and story-teller, a man unwilling to provide for his large family, whom his son James memorialised in his work.

From eccentric customers to equally eccentric staff, from those 'is this Black Books? Bosch is investigating the death of fifteen-year-old Daisy Clayton, a runaway on the streets of Hollywood who was brutally murdered and her body left in a dumpster like so much trash. Now, Ballard joins forces with Bosch to find out what happened to Daisy and finally bring her killer to justice.

And as long-buried secrets, lies and betrayals come to light, they will be lucky to escape unscathed The annual public festival showcases, supports and develops Irish publishing and writers by programming, publicising and selling Irish published books, their authors, editors and contributors — all in an entertaining, friendly and accessible environment that reflects the creativity and personality of the Irish publishing sector and its authors.

A hunter pursues the last dinosaur through a remote rainforest. A young Kerryman emigrates to the Moon to seek his fortune. It is falling as Gideon Bliss seeks shelter in a Soho church, where he finds Angie Tatton lying before the altar. His one-time love is at death's door, murmuring about brightness and black air, and about those she calls the Spiriters. In the morning she is gone".

Dalkey Christmas Drinks Venue: The Gutter Bookshop, Dalkey Date: Wednesday 12th December — 6pm until 7pm Join us in our Dalkey shop for a bit of festive cheer with a complimentary glass of wine and a mince pie to get the Christmas season underway and to celebrate our 5th anniversary as Dalkey's local bookshop!

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We'll have wine and mince pies for all our regular customers too and we'd delighted if you'd join us in the Cow's Lane shop to spread a bit of festive cheer and mark our 9th year in Temple Bar! He's alone, as usual - though tonight is anything but. Pull up a stool and charge your glass, because Maurice is finally ready to tell his story A new crime series set in the brooding landscape of the Scottish borders from the author of the Celcius Daly series. At Deepwell psychiatric hospital, a patient has confessed to the murder of one of the hospital's psychotherapists.

The confession is vividly detailed, but for a man locked in a secure ward and under hour surveillance, it is also utterly impossible. Sorry, this Reading Group is currently full. This collection of short stories by Co Armagh writer Jamie Guiney explores what it is to be human at every stage of life, his stories have been published internationally and he has been nominated twice for the 'The Pushcart Prize.

Hosted by poetician John Cummins. This event is ticketed but free! Email competitions thejournal. The theme of the Festival will be 'Speaking with Strangers' and in the sharing of stories the individual selves we all are, meet and transform in the telling. As matters fall into frenzy, and as the lines between fantasy and truth, right and wrong, begin to blur, who will these two fathers choose to protect? At once grittily real, wildly magical and insanely alluring - a siren-song of a novel' Donal Ryan. In the south, a girl lies buried beneath a Saxon mound. To the southeast, the ruins of a priory hide a human skull.

Each is a sacrifice, a summons. And something in the shadows has heard the call. But another is coming: Parker the hunter, the avenger In the year when Ireland ratified the UN Convention on the rights of people with disabilities, 'A Bit Different' answers the question as to why the road to equal rights for people with disabilities is strewn with so many potholes. A self-proclaimed satirist whose works have been translated into 27 languages, Bret Easton Ellis has been wrestling with the double-edged sword of fame and notoriety since Less Than Zero catapulted him into the limelight in A combination of personal reflection and social observation, White is determined to speak the truth, no matter how painful that might be.

Bret Easton Ellis will discuss his work and take questions from the audience at this special evening. For information and tickets see www. And we'll be there with books! A great city clutter has to be negotiated. Finding love is a small miracle. Keeping his eye to the kaleidoscope, Peter Money writes with artistry and invention. But when the club decides to read a detective novel, old conflicts on both sides of the ocean are exposed, hidden love affairs come to light, and, as secrets emerge, Cassie fears she may have done more harm than good.

Jeffery Deaver is the No. His new novel 'This Storm' is a brilliant historical crime novel, a pulse-pounding, as-it-happens narrative that unfolds in Los Angeles and Mexico in the wake of Pearl Harbor. The routine of a family shopping trip is shattered when Michelle Spivey is snatched as she leaves the mall with her young daughter.

Hooker then describes the state of the four provinces, three of which were devastated by civil war, while the wealth remaining in the fourth, the northern region of Ulster, was about to be employed in supporting the smouldering rebellions intentions of its dreaded chief, O'Neill. The Irish clans of Leinster, being nearest to the seat of government, had felt the English power most severely, in depriving them of their rich hereditary plains, and then visiting them with fire and sword for their attempts to recover such ancient and loved possessions, and they were, " in their accustomable manners, wholly bent to spoils and all mischiefs.

Connaught, "one of the goodliest, pleasanteet, and most fertile soiles, and in times past very rich, wealthy, and well inhabited," lay waste in oonsequenoe of quarrels between the Anglicized earl of Olanrioarde and the Chief of a second branch of the powerful family of Bourkes ; while the countries of the Irish were all wasted and impoverished, partly by reason of dissimulation, society and conference with the rebels on the part of the Milesian chiefs, and partly by particular discords among themselves. Our space does not permit of many preliminary comments on the veteran general and stateman's plain and expressive narrative of his conduct during his three terms of vieeroyship.

We must, how- ever, remark on the number and isolation of the revolts which took place in such rapid succession. Nosooner was the fire of rebellion extinguished in one province than it broke out in another. But these movements were only those of independent clans. They were not national ; for clans never formed a nation. The happy terms in which Sir Henry refers to his quiet government of Wales are in miserable contrast to those he employs in describing his vexed rule and detested sojourn in Ireland. Here we have the moral of that change from clan laws and customs, owing to which the Welsh people became loyal and peaceable.

Sir Henry Sidney was emphatically the best viceroy of the century. His government was re- ' markable for justice and lenity, combined with a strong-handed firmness that made him respected as well as beloved by the Irish. With the justifiable exception of the infatuated and intolerable Shane O'Neill, all the rebel leaders were invariably treated by Sidney with moderation and mercy. He exhibited disinterestedness and integrity during times when many high officers of state were acquiring broad lands and amassing great fortunes, either by corrupt means or lavish grants from the Crown.

So far from receiving any large rewards, he even diminished his estate. Distin- guished for his acquirements, and especially fond of the study of history and antiquity, he was a liberal patron of literature. Holinshed dedicated his Chronicles of Ireland to him ; as did Stanihurst his curious " Description" of the country. Ho caused the statutes of the kingdom to be printed, in order that the laws might be generally accessible and known. Sir Henry died in Ludlow castle in the fifty-sixth year of his age, on the 5th May three years subsequent to the date of this memoir. Addressed to Sir Francis Walsingham, The figures in the text refer to the Illustrative Notes at the end of this article.

In trouth Sir it i3 not so, nor so shall it ever he founde ; for compremit- tinge the consideration of the articles to the Barles named by you, and to the Earle of Huntington, I most willingly agree, and protest I joy in the allyanse with all my harte. But syns, by your letters of the' third of January, to my great discomfort I fynde there is no hope of relief of her Majestie for my deoayed estate in her Highnes service for synce you geve it over, I will never make more meanea, but say spes et fortuna valete — I am the more careful to kepe myself able, by sale of parte of that which is lefte, to ransome me out of the servitude I lyve in for my debts ; for as I knowe, Sir, that it is the vertue which is, or that you suppose is, in my sonne, that you made choise of him for your daughter, refusinge happly far greater and farre ritcher matches than he so was my confidence great, that by your good meane, I might have obtayned some smale reasonable sute of her Majestie ; and therefore I nothing regarded any present gayne, for if I had, I might have receaved a great some of money for my good will of my Sonne's mariage, greatlie to the relief of my private bytinge neeessitie.

For truelie Sir I respect nothing by provision or prevencion of that which may come hereafter; as this ; — I am not so unlustie but that I may be so imployed, as I may have occa- sion to sell lande to redeeme myself out of prison, nor yet am I so oulde, nor my wief so healthie, but that she may die, and I marrye agayne and gett children, or thinke I gett some.

If such a thinge should happen, Godde's law and manne's law will that both one and other may be provided for. Many other accidents of regarde might be alledged, but neither the forewritten, nor any that may be thought of to come, do I respect, but only to stay land to sell, to acquite me of the thraldome I now lyve in for my debts. But good Sir, syns her Majestie will not be moved to rewarde me, nor removed from her opinion but that the two great and high offices, which I have so long and so often welded, may and ought to 38 be a sufficient satisfaction for any my service doon in them or elsewhere ;— geve me leave, paciently on yonr parte, though over tediously on myne, somewhat to write to you of those offices, and of my service in them, and though I play a littell too bouldly in parson of myne owne herault, yet pardon me, it is my first fawlt of this kynde.

Three tytnes her Majestie hath sent me her Deputie into Ireland, and in everie of the three tymes I susteyned a great and a violent rebellion, everie one of which I subdued, and with honorable peace lefte the eountrey in quiet. I retorned from each of those three Deputacions three thousand poundes worse then I went.

The first deputaeion was against Shane O'Neile, 2 the Arch-traytor, who not onely had usurped and peacably did kepe under him the whole estate of Tyrone, being O'Neile's eountrey, but also had subdued and pulled to him all such potentats and landlordes in Ulster as he tearmed his Urriaghes, 3 viz. He had foroiblie patronised himself in allLecale,? He held in his subjection the lordship and lords of Clandeboy and the Koute ; the Scotts of the Wynnes 10 he held in pay, and they were his mercenary soldiers.

The Queen had nothing in possession in all this large tract of land but the miserable town of Carregfergus, whose goodes he would take as ofte as he listed, and force the poor people to redeeme their owne eowes with their owne wyne. He held the countie of Louth 11 in such awe, as he made the most of them to pay him tribute, called there Hack rent, or ells by stealth or force he would plague them. Fynally he exiled O'Donell, 12 Lorde of Tirconell, and drove him into England, where he craved andobteyned letters for aide.

This O'Donell was and is Lorde of as great a country as his, on which he totally tyrannized, possessing all his castells, which were many and strong, and put under his subjection all the potentates of the same domynion, namely O'Dogherty, O'Boyle, O'Galloghare, the three grand " Note — In my first Deputaeion the building of then Secretary, the possession whereof is held to a watermyll at Carickfergus, the repairinge and this daye. Lighton did accompany me, and served under ' Thecomingto me thither of Sir Arthur Cham- my giddon in sundry of the incursions which I pernoun, Mr.

Philip Butsid, who can reporte the pleasure and profitt that is and divers other gentlemen, yeomen, and seamen gotten by service in that Conterey. With this monstrous monarcall Tyrant of all Ulster I made warre, and in trouth he was mightie, for he had of Seotts and Irish seven thousand men that ware weapon. I had but seventeen hundred, with three hundred Berwike souldiers. I advanced into the rebell's countrey the 22nd of September, ; I wasted and destroied all or the moste part of Tyrone; the ould Maguyre 14 died in my campe, but I possessed his brother in his countrey, taking othe and ostaige 15 of him for his loyaltie and fealtie.

There of an oulde church I made a new forte;,? This agreement was published, written, indented, signed, sealed, and dely- vered, and by the forenamed great ones witnessed, and when I came home, I regestered and en- rolled the same, and so it remayneth of record. Then passing by the oastell of Bundroyes, then rendred to me, as the castell of Belike was, I delivered them to O'Donell, and marched into Carberie, O'Connor Slygoe's countrey, the first part to the north east of the provynce of Conagh ; there mett me O'Wryrk, a potentate of Conagb, with certain pettie lords of his countrey, whose names I have forgotten, saving two Mac Granylles ; they submitted, I accepted and ordred as I did in Tirconell, and so went to Sligo, where the lord of the soyle, called 0' Conor, made me and myne oste great chere and entertaynment, and presented his lordings to me, namely O'Dowde, two Mac Donoghs, two O'Haras distinct additions they have, but I have forgotten them , — and O'Hara brought me to Athlone, and promised to come to me to Dublyn.

He fell in such love and liking of Englishmen and English government, as he vowed to goe into England, to behould the majestieof our sovereign, which he performed. From thence I marched on the craggie mountayne of the Curlue, 20 a passage bad inough, where I chased and chastised the ancient outlawes 21 of that quarter called GarronBane; and so descended into the playnesof Conach,and took there the great abbey of Abojle, and put a tenaunt into it, who paid the Queene a good rent for it, and so did as long as I was there ; and encamped in Mac Dermod's country, who submitted and was ordred as others before.

From thence to Roscommon, the strong castle of which was with somewhat adoe delyvered to me, being in the possession of disloyall Irishmen yeres ; for so long was it before that it was betrayed, and the English constable and ward murdred, as I found in the Irish chronicles. There I planted a small garrison, which hath contynued ever syns ; and what good service the same hath done syns for the reformation of the provynce, with contynuance of resydence, with rent and profitt,and howe good a town is now buylded about it, I am sure you know better by Sir Nicholas Malby's relation then I can en- forme you.

Thither came to me O'Connor Dun, O'Connor Ro, O'Bryn, O'Flyn, and O'Flannygan, all with their homaige, and of all which I tooke othe and ostage for their Ioyaltie, and tyed them to payment of rent and doing of service, which while I was there was performed and observed.

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From thence I went to Alone, were all the lynages of the O'Kellies came to me, and desired to take and houlde their Jandes of the Queene by rent and service, and it was done, and contynueth to this day. Here came to me the two O'Maddyns of both side the Shenen, and submitted themselves and their countrey, with the strong castell of Melike, Thither came to me the two principal! Leger and Sir Nicholas Heron, as with the loss of many of his horses and some of his men, he was dryven home. And when he harde that I helde my jorney to Conagh, and was in the same, with all his force he approched the forte of the Derrie, out of which the hardie Collonell Handle issued, and gave him battell, and most noblie brake him, chased his horsemen and killed his foot men, untill he charging where he sawe the troupe thickest, and leading more forwardlie than readilie followed, was overthrown and slayen; whose fall saved many of therebells' lyves, for while the souldiors sought to rescue his lyfelesse bodie, they had leasure to roun awaye.

Yet the rebell lost the most of his best footmen, as well Galloglas as shott, and many of his Scottes for that daye's worke left his service, and no man of the garrison died that day but the collonell himself, though verey many hurte who after recovered. The Rebell thus escapinge by flight with his horsemen invaded further into O'Donneyle's covotrey, where he was so manfully mett with by the good knight Sir Hugh O'Donnell, latelie then, and yet is, captain of his countrey, as he was broken, with the slaughter of many of his principall horsemen, and the rest dryven for salfegard of ther lyves to take the great water of Loghswylli, where ie most of them, man or horse, were drowned.

Seing thies good aventures atchieved by others, I being absent from them, thought I would not be idle, for between the end of November and the beginning of Lent following, I made many incursions into his country, sometymes as lowe as Dungannon, and with such diligence as my vauntcurrers have eworne to me, that they have felt his couch warme where he lay that night, and yet their luck not to light on him. Jn the Christmas hollidayes I visited Mm in the harte of his country, where he had made as great an assemblie as he could, and had provided as great and good cheare as was to be had in the eoun- vol.

And had I not dislodged, at the ordynary houre in camp to go to rest, with entent to do some exploit upon a great lym of his, he had come to me the next morning, but fearing the furie of the watch he durst not that night ; — this I think was the eighth or ninth rode I made upon him, encamping sometyme two, sometyme three or foure nights in his conn- trey ; and how pleasant a lief it is that tyme of the yere, with hunger, and after sore travaill to har- bour longe and coulde nights in cabbanes made of bows, and covered with grasse, I leave to your indifferent judgement ; thus and by thies means I brought him very lowe.

Leger, 28 whom I placed with others in commission in Munster, and her Majestie wrote so ofte and ernestlie to me by the procurement of the Erie of Ormond, touching hurtes done to him and his by the Erie of Desmond, 29 as I was forced to leave ray northern actions against O'Neyle, and address me southward against Desmond, which prolonged the lief and warres of O'Neyle, greatlie to the Queene's charge. So advanced I towards Munster in January, and came not home till Aprill, not the pleasauntest season of the yere to make so long a jorney in. The Earle of Desmond mett me at Carrick, a house of Ormond's whom I carried with me to Waterford, Dungarvan, Yoghyll, and Corke ; all the way hearing and ordering the complaints betwene the two earls.

When the earle found that I dealt justlie with Ormonde, and that I rather shewed favour then severitie as indeed I did to all his after sondrie and severall speeches of very hard digestion, expressing his malicious entention, he would have been gone from me, which I denied him, and unwitting to him, appoynted a garde to attend him day and night.

I ordered against him a great some, in recompense of damages done Ormond, and so tooke him with me to Kylmallock. There I was enformed by his own brother, John, and by Lacy, then bishop of Limerick, that he entended by force to rescue himself from me, and to that end had a great nomber of men in a redynes. Hereupon calling such noble men and potentates of Munster as I had with me, namelie the Viscounts Barry and Roche, Macarty Reaghe, M Sir Dcrmod MacTeage of Muskrye, the barons Courcy, and Lexnawe, with Condon, and a few other principall gentelmen of that province, I declared unto them what intelligence I had of Desmond's intention, and asked them 43 whether they would give me their faithful promise and othe to take my part, and do as I would ; for Desmond said I will I take, and as a prisoner lead away with me.

They forthwith answered me as it were with one voice that they would to the uttermost adventure of their lyves do whatsoever I would have them ; thereupon I tooke such securitie of them as I thought convenient, and was indeed sufficient, and imediately sent for the Earle of Desmond, whom, in the presence of the forcnamed personages, and the soveraigne of Kilmallook, with the best of his brethren of the same towne, I did arrest, and commifed him to the custodie of my marshall, which arrest and comittment humblie upon his knees he yelded unto.

Then came to me the lordes and others above written, and some counsellors whom I had in my company, and persuaded me that it was no pollicie, nor saulf for me, to lead him out of that towne, till I had greater force with me of such as I might trust ; the noble men and others had none with them but their owne meniall trayne, which was not many ; I had not, beside myne owne houshold, but fiftie English speres, fiftie English shott, and fiftie gallowglasse ; these footmen I always kept about me in my jorney as my garde.

Moch persuasion was made to me that I should not leave the towne untill I had gotten greater strengthe about me ; but I seing the towne to be great and weke, and in many places easio to be scaled, sent to the Maior of Lymerike, willing him to make readie for me as many men as he could, in warlike manner, well appoynted, with all diligence to come to me, which he accomplished in such sorte as my letters being delyvered unto him at eight of the clock in the afternoon he advanced forth out of the gates of Lymerike by one of the clock in the morninge, thre hundred well appoynted fighting men, who mett me in the mydwaye betwene Kilmal- lock and Lymericke, the place appoynted of meeting.

Here I constituted John of Desmond, 31 Mb brother, to be seneschall and captain of all the earle 's lands and seignories, with charge and othe for his loyaltie, and that he should, with all the speed he might, restore or recompense all her Majestie's subjects, who Desmond had I now remember not in 44 how many yeres before spoylei or injured ; and so, making him knight, departed that cittie, leaving him behind, and still leading his brother prisoner with me.

Sir John did so effectually in that his charge, as within three months aiter, I receaved letters of good credit that he had caused restitution to be made to the Queen's good subjects, oppressed by his brother's tyranny, of above fyve thousand poundes. These my aotes good Mr. Secretarie are both regestered and enrolled.

Then went I into and through the great countreyes of Tomond, and quieted all controversies in the same; I made the people apte to have and to obey a President and Couiisaill, like as I had planted in Muhster; I took pleadges of all such as I thought necessarie to take pledges of, and so having the Earl of Thomond with me I passed through O'Shaghnesae' countrey, and Came to Galowey in Conach, where I quieted and appeased sondry griefs and controversies betwene the Earl of Clanrickard and other landlords of that provynce of Conagh.

From thence I went through the same province to Alone, where I found everie thing in good quiet, in sorte as I had left it in my former jorney. But all this my doing for the Earl of Ormond and his could nothing satisfie him, but still he ex- claymed in England that he could have no justice of me, nor of the commissioners established in Munster, who were Sir Warham St. Leger, the second baron of the eschequier, called Cusake, 32 and Nicholas White, 33 now master of the rowles in Irelande. For Sir Warham St. Leger I do know him for a worshipfull honest gentleman, and one that would not blemish his creditt for either of both the earles.

Cusake I demed to be more affected to Desmond than Ormond, White I knew, and all others that knew him thought him to be affectiously devoted to Ormond, as one borne his follower, and yet both honest. This composition of a Counsaill I thought convenient, for the primitive reformation of so onlde a cancred faction as was and yet is betwene the two earles, who albeit they would inveigh each against other, yet if any sentence passed for the advancement of the Queene's prerogative, or suppression of either of their tyrannyes, straught wayes it was cried out of, and coraplayned of to the Queene, specially by the earl of Ormond, as injustice and oppression.

And thereupon receaved I many a bitter letter, which indeede tired me, and so perplexed my most deer wife, as she fell most greavously sick upon the. The Lord Deputy writes, 2lst Oct. The following occurs in Carew's pedigree of the line of " Clan-Hngh-buoy. He was slain in , and, not long after, the said Neill was slain by Capten Nicholas Malbie.

J Sir Thomas Smyth was a great projector; and, among his projects, the colonizing of Ireland appeared one of the most plausible ; but was, perhaps, the most impracticable. Knt, and T. The payment to begin four years hence. God save the Queen. Shane O'Neill. Sidney, in writing to Leicester, 1st March, , alludes to the well-known arrogance of O'Neill, who, he says, " declares that he never made peace with the Queen but at her own seeking.

He adds that he has deposed the young O'Donnell tor favouring the heretics, and has set up his brother in his stead. On the 16th August he was re- ported to have " entered the Pale with fire and sword, and laid siege to Dundalk. Original Translation. And certify yourself also that those their Deputies one after another hath broken peace, and did not abide by the same ; and assure yourself also that they had been with yon ere this time but for me only.

And they have not the good luck of warr as yet. And for all that my Lord Deputy is in our next borders, we have robbyd, spoylyd, and burnyd Meath and all these quarters. And since that our helps is good together. My espe- cial good friend, now is the tyme or never to set against them, as well you can; or else God will be revenged on you if you do the contrary. And therefore beleve this bearer.

Urriaghs — Oirmghs — i. It was the policy of go- vernment to endeavour to detach the subordinate lords from the sway of their great chief, in order to diminish bis power ; for they were obliged, as well as rendering him tribute, to gather round his standard in time of war. It was on this plea of having received tribute that Fergus Mac Ivor laid claim to range the Baron of Brad- wardine under his standard. The bloody battle fought about the year between Conan More O'Neill and O'Donnell, originated in O'Neill's curt demand for chief-rent in the most la- conic of ultimatums: — Cuir chugam mo chios no muna g-cuirthear, — " Send me my rent, or if you don't" —!

Mac Mahon — Commonly called " Captain Far- ney. Previous to this date the Captains of iamey had thrown offiheir 46 allegiance to O'Neill, and were semi-loyal to the crown. Shane O'Neills father. These two latter dynasts " waxing bold," writes Moryson, " upon the power of the Earles of Kildare, tyrannized over the people, and despised the titles of Earls, Marquises, Dukes, or Princes, in regard of that of O'Neill. For more than a cen- tury the old feudal colonists in Ulster were either alto- gether uprooted, or had allied themselves, or else become subject, to Gaelic chiefs.

So far from their receiving succour from the State against O'Neill, the feeble army brought into the field by the viceroy hardly dared at- tempt to penetrate that fierce enemy's country. In Lord Leonard Gray made treaties of peace with the principal potentate chieftains, by all of whom hostages were sent to Dublin as pledges of peace, with the excep- tion of O'Neill, who, as is observed in the record, was at peace by indenture, " but of whom no pledge can be had without open warre. Sir Anthony St. Leger, by whom the important service of reducing him was performed, writes that " O'Neile is reputed amonges the Yrishery a man of greate power, and has a countrie under his rule no less than the Shire of Kent.

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Leger remarks that " Richard II. So illiterate was this lord of a country as broad and wide as Kentthathe was unable to write his name. But his obedience was deemed of so much importance that the document, signed with his mark, was printed and paraded. The title of Earl of Tyrone was bestowed on him, and that of Baron of Dungannon on his suppositious bastard son " Mathew Kelly," on whom also the inheritance of the Earldom was conferred, as far as parchment and wax could insure it to him. The honors granted to these rude and inde- pendent dynasts produced results more lasting than in the instance of the Tyrone creation.

By making them peers they became linked to the Crown and constitution, and as the duties arising from their titles compelled their attendance at Court and in parliament, these remote nobles and their successors became acquainted with law and civilization. The Earls of Kildare had the nominal owner- ship of part of this fertile country. Sir Nicholas Bagenal owned the lordship of Newry and Mourne. As au English Knight, as Marshal of the army, and as the grantee of these rich districts, he was especially odious to Shane O'Neill.

The Ardes. II of this Journal. The 'Western Scots and Nor- thern Irish usually assisted each other in their wars. Calvagh O'Donnett, the exiled Lord of TirconnelL— The following piteous letter was addressed by this chieftain, whilst in London, to the powerful favourite Leicester. After I have lost all that I have in the world, and was banished out of my countrey, I came hither, in hope that the Queen's Majestie, for whose cawse I endured all those adversities, wold see me to be restored.

And here while I tarry for my dispatch, being, as all banished men are, pore and needy, I am of no man esteemed nor regarded ; and lacking wherewith to pay for my pore diet, I daly suffer the exclamation of my creditors, and eat not nor drink not but what I must eat and drink to my great shame and reproch. And if my creditors stode not in feare of the Queen's Majestie and the cownsell, 1 am sure they wold as they threaten — [illegible. It is, right honble. Wherein I most humbly beseeche your Honour to be a mene, as ye have begon, that it may be with spede ; for that tyme dothe pase away, and I pray God long to contenew your Honour in all pros- perity.

Soon after his return home he died of a fall from his horse, 26th October, He was succeeded by his brother. The three latter were conducted through England by Sir Nicholas Heron,— [5. It also depicts them in a curious manner, by pourtraying three galloglasses in armour, to represent the three septs. Sweyn is a Danish Christian name. The surname still lingers in the Isles. Johnson visited a " Mr. M c Swyne" when in Coll. Similar securi- ties were frequently demanded by the viceroys ; and the unfortunate youths selected were detained in Dub- lin Castle, until they were either relieved or effected their escape.

The rebelwith all his power. His trust and safety dependeth not in the noblest of his men, nor on his kinsmen and brothers, but upon his foster-brothers, the O'Donnellys, who are three hundred gentlemen, to whom he hath given livings and countries. But five or six of the best of them knoweth his privities hiding places. The noblest man of his country, and hio very warriour indeed, is Turlogh Lenough, one that is of the greatest force, and next like to be O'Neill.

The fortification that he only dependeth on is in certain fresh-water loughes, to which there can come neither ship nor boat to approach them. It is thought that in the said forti- fied islands lyeth all his plate, which is much, money, prisoners, and gages. These islands have in war s tofore been attempted, and now of late again by the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, but, for want of means of safe conduct upon the water, hath not prevailed.

The number and description of cannon which O'Neill had purchased from the Trench, Spanish, and English ships that traded to the northern coasts are then stated : — " For ammunition of powder he hath that made in his country as good as need be, and for harquebusses, skulls, and shirts of mail, he was and is furnished by Spaniards, and Frenchmen, yea, and by Englishmen. His quality in warlike might Indeed is little in him at all, for when the Lord Deptuty attempteth his country, his natural warlike guise is not to be at home, but his country waste ; for as soon as he heareth of the Lord Deputy coming towards his country, he divideth his people and create into the strengths of his country, that is in his bogges, woodes, passes, and islands.

He knoweth the provision of the Lord Deputy and his force, yea and which way he will pass, as well within four- and-twenty hours as if he were in Dublin at the setting forth of the said journey, and how many days he is ap- pointed to tarry in his country. Accordingly he pro- videth to keep him covertly with his create in his fast- ness, lying himself lurking with two or three hundred horsemen, seeking what means he can to damage some wing or tail of the Lord Deputy's.

And when the Lord Deputy returneth, then O'Neill is at home, and followeth him homewards, doing what exploits he may. An oulde church made into a new Fort- — Berry. O'Sullivan tells the tale how a large and hairy wolf caused the explosion which followed. L'Abbe Mao Geoghegan is mistaken in saying St. Columbkill's church was thus profaned. A tall timber-work church dedicated to the saint was standing in Homage Derived from homme and agir, and im- plying to do feudal man-service for the fief, feud, or fee of land by which such service was retained.

O'Don- nell became the Queen's subject by doing homage, and liable to forfeit for treason. The English held that his, country would be liable to forfeiture : but the Gaels maintained with truth that the land did not belong to the chief of a clan. This formed the great distinction. But an Ard- High of chieftains had no such hold upon them.

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Everie general ostinge. These warlike arrays were summoned by proclamation. The hill of Tarah was often selected for the display of the royal banner. A hosting against the Northern Irish in is described in the first volume of this Journal. As these great hostile excursions were generally directed against the Gaelic chiefs, it was found almost impossible to prevail on indepen- dent lords, whether Irish or Anglo-Irish, to join them ; and hence the stress laid in the text on O'Donnell's agreement to attend them.

Mountayne of Curiae The Curlews. See the " Brief Relation" of it in the 2d vol. Lady Mary Sidney. The lady's grateful husband knighted the mayor for this acceptable service. He had many friends in the metropolis, and moreover frequently sent mes- sengers thither as spies. Old Sir Turlough Luineach used to complain that he could not have a carouse of 49 sack but it was known in Dublin in four-and-twenty hours. Swearing by O'Neill's hand had no reference to the armorial cognizance of O'Neill ; for it was a common Gaelic custom to swear by the hand of the chief, bpen- ser observes that the Scythians used to swear by their king's haud.

A fine of s. Ragged Staff. It; seems to have been emblazoned on the lord deputy's pensel or pennon, which the Celtic messenger called a red Bratach, i. Thomas Butler, 10th and great Earl of Ormond. This earl, the principal of the Irish nobility, was attached to Lord Sussex's party.

Sidney was closely allied to the earl of Leicester, the head of the most powerful side ; so that the viceroy was strongly opposed to lord Ormond. The chief Butlers of Ireland had long been as conspicuous for their loyalty as the lords of the Mun- Ster Geraldines were notorious for rebellious indepen- dence. Ormond boasts with truth, in one of his latest letters, of the unspotted fidelity of his ancient house. It would be difficult to say how far the per- sonal enmity between the 10th Ormond and 16th Des- mond, added to the hereditary feud between their houses, unjustly influenced Ormond's conduct : — but there is little doubt that his vindictive proceedings were the main cause of Desmond's ruin.

His mother had married again, to this very Desmond ; so that these noblemen stood to each other in the close relation of step-father and step-son. The lady being heir-general of a previous earl of Desmond, herson claimed certainrich manors, part of the Desmonian estate, in her right ; and, indeed, sometimes challenged the very title and earldom, to strengthen his right to which her last husband had married her. These manors, Clon- mel Kilshielan, and Kilfeacle.

Such grievances were some only of the many which formed the casus belli. About this time, , July 6 Desmond complains bitterly to Sidney of his " enemy ," — who, when the in- tractable Geraldine broke into or en revolt, was chosen to take the field against him, and exhibited surpassing activity until he was able to announce the death of the miserable man. Leger, a Kentish knight and first cousin of the Queen, through Mary Boleyn.

Having parted with the greater part of his estates in England, he sought his fortune in VOL. Ireland, under the favour of Sidney, who obtained him the presidency of Munster, in He writes r to Sir Henry on the 3d July, describing his meeting at Lough- kirr with the Earl of Desmond, of whom he says— " my fear in him is that he is of such couradge, as rather than he would endure that the Erie of Ormond should take advantage of him, he will give the adventure of more ;"— adding,'," in my simple judgement it were a perillous thing to put him to desperation ;" and conclud- ing by advising that the controversy es between him and the Earl of Ormond must be put to an end.

Sir K. Grenville and St. The celebrated James Fitz-Maurice claimed hereditary right to' this fertile tract of country, the loss of which was the origin of his insurrection. Again, tenancy of a military pre- sident to a chieflain lord was fraught with evil. When- ever the Saxon farmers of the colony were plundered by " loose swordsmen and wild thieves" from Desmond their satrap landlord insisted on considering the Earl re- sponsible, as chief over that country. Powerfully sup- ported at court, and governor of the province, the Eng- lish knight proved too strong at last for the rash Irish earl.

Desmond sealed his own fall in signing the lease of Kerrycurrihy. When he and his brother were sent prisoners across the sea in , the custody of their persons was committed to St. Leger, and they became prisoners in his house in Southwark, or in his castle, Leeds, in Kent; but after keeping them for a year, he wrote to entreat they might be placed elsewhere, fearing " they might do him some injury.

Garrett, 16th Earl of Desmond, the ingens rebellious exemplar ol'Irish History. Ormond writes on one occasion, when leaving Kilkenny for England, desiring the Lord Lieutenant " to cause the Erie of Desmond to answer lor Piers Grace and his brother Oliver, with their retinue, and to undertake they shall do" says he "my country no harm now in my ab- sence. This I know is their meaning ; and they have the company of the Mores for their ayd therein. Therefore, good my lord, let my Lord Desmond stand charged for anything they shalldo duringmyne absence ; for the world knoweth they do nothing but by his advice and maintainaunce.

Nocturnal robberies and diurnal incursions were made by marauders, who, as they had, like " Donald Bean Lean," liberty of wood and water in their chieftains' 50 territories, were therefore deemed by either earl to be Tinder the rule of his noble enemy, and to have done these deeds at his instigation. Whenever soma band of uncontrollable duine wasaU — " horsemen" and " swords- men," from Connilogh, made a raid into the barony of Ormond, or even when a crafty thief from Sliav-luaehra stole a eow from some bodagh who owned the Chief Butler of Ireland for landlord, much blame was laid on the ''Lord of the Liberty" of Kerry, Equally would that nobleman anathematize whenever he heard of his own tenants having suffered heavy reprisals from the Tipperary men.

Sir Henry Sidney describes the wasted state of Mun- sterat this period as surpafsmgany desolation produced in any other countries by the wars of the greatest princes. The numbers of the force engaged in that skirmish are gene- rally exaggerated. In the depositions taken after the affair, the victor declares he had but men ; while the discomfitted lord reckons his own force at men, besides " stragglers," forming, he says, his usual train or retinue.

The so-called train appears, however, to have been of a strong military tendency, according to the deposition of Sir Maurice Fitz Gerald, at whose de- sire Ormond marched to Dromana to prevent the Geraldine chief from seizing the knight's cattle, and who reports the force under Desmond's banner as "eighty horse, and between three and four hundred galloglas and kerne, besides twice as many raskalls.

Queen Elizabeth endeavoured in vain to appease them. He hathe so well performed his Inglesche vowes that I warneyou trust him no longer than you see one of them," These pregnant passages also occur in Her Majesty's letter. Lord Desmond is characterized by the discerning vice- roy as a man void both of judgment to govern and will to be ruled. Vain-glorious and utterly intractable, he was inflated by bis peculiar privileges and powers as earl of Desmond, lord palatine of Kerry, and chief of the Munster Geraldines.

Even whilst led away captive, he swore roundly in the very presence of the viceroy that midsummer day should see him at the head of 5, men. Sir John Davies says Finglas wrote about the year St Le- ger writes the same vear that the Desmonds formerly enjoyed a revenue of 40, marks.

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Archbishop O'Daly names the 16th earl's revenue at 40, golden crowns. But O'Daly came of a poetic race, and also wrote to attract the Continent. Lord Chancellor Gerrard writes to Lord Burleigh, 13 June , that he finds Des- mond's rents to be but small :— " for he liveth Irish-like," says the English chancellor,— by " coining and spend- ing," : i.

The instructions dated Dec. Curiam Hib. Macarty Reaght,, — Sir Donough McCarthy, — styled "Captain of Carbery," according to the form employed by Eiglish officials to designate a leader and lord of a clan and its country. His family was the senior line of those nu- merous tribes of which Mac Cartaigh-More was ardrigk; but its members for some centuries had been deprived of the honour of being elected to that proud position, and doubtless for a special reason.

The reason why this line was thus dethroned, may perhaps consist in the fact that its leaders had become tributary to the Earls of Desmond. However humiliating these tributes were, the Captain of Carbery could well afford to pay them, tor his extensive territory is said to have yielded richer chief-rents than any seigniory in Ireland, These rents as payable out of each cantred held by the Kenn fines, or heads of subordinate sliockts and claims, together with every duty-hog, and every bunn-gall, or foreign half- penny, due over the entire vast estate, are particularized in an inquest, anno , taken after the demise of McCarthy-Reagh, and printed in the Miscellany of the Celtic Society.

Sir John of Desmond,— Second brother of the 10th Earl. Sidney was always friendly to this knight, and considered him inclined to be loyal and peaceable. Yet, from an invitation addressed to him in September , by Shane O'Neill to join him in rebellion, he must at that period have entertained some idea of revolt.

Sir Thomas was made Lord Chancellor in He was appointed Master of the Rolls in J , and was also seneschal of the county "Wexford. Sir Dermod Mac Teige was more than chief of one Muskerry sept ot the great Clan Carthy : — he was feudal lord of Muskerry ; a status of which there were then few instances among the Gaelic race After his decease his son and " heir'' Cormack, set forth his claim as heir to that lordship, ina remarkable document dated Suerly he is substanciall of his promyse, and without any sauf conduct hath come to me, tending his service and very willing to confourme him to the Englysh order.

The annalists describe Sir Cor- mack as a man who possessed "most white-washed edi- fices, fine-built castles, and hereditary seats of any of the descendants of Eoghan-More. Cormack mac Dermod who was in possession, complains to the Minister 2d Maroh that Charles Cany Sir C's son is endeavouring to get Blarney manor from him on pretence of its having been forfeited to the Crown This latter claimant, iu setting forth his title, mentions that Blarney castle was built by Teige McCarty, who died in his grandfather, who doubtless had been encouraged to erect this celebrated structure by the ex- pectation that it would descend to his son.

An English knight, Sir Nicholas Browne, who wrote a " Discourse concerning the Province of Munster," dated 18th June, , and addressed to Lord Burleigh, gives au interest- ing account of the quarrels arising among the Clan Carthys of Muskerry, in consequence of the conflict of English and Irish laws. There has been, he says, " much murdering among themselves for their lands ; and, about three descents since, the right heir, which Is Teige Mao Owen, was put out of his inheritance by the ancestors of those men who are now in controversy for it.

Carew MS. The Dominus de Kerry is said to be de stirpe Regmondi de la Gros, in a roll of parliament dated The chronicler tells a legend that Fitz Maurice, watching his opportunity, slew the Lord of Carew, when at dinner at a table, in Lixnaw house, which was then still shown, although the murder occurred in the 14th century and then usurped the estate.

There was a controversy in between the Barons of Kerry and Slane, which contains several points of interest.